In the context of electricity production in nuclear power stations, dismantling of nuclear installations, and the use of radioactive materials in medicine, agriculture, industry or research, radioactive waste is generated.
This waste consists largely of contaminated materials and protective clothing. In addition, there is also spent nuclear fuel, which becomes radioactive after being used in a nuclear reactor.
The goal of managing radioactive waste under safe conditions is to ensure the protection of people and the environment, today and in the future. After first trying to avoid waste as much as possible and to minimize its significance (both in terms of quantity and activity), the next step is to concentrate the waste as much as possible, to surround it and to isolate it from the environment.